Carbon Monoxide (Total 199226 Papers Found)

Carbon monoxide dehydrogenase (CO dehydrogenase) from Rhodospirillum rubrum was shown to be an oxygen-sensitive, nickel, iron-sulfur, and zinc-containing protein that was induced by carbon monoxide (CO). The enzyme was purified 212-fold by heat treatment, ion-exchange, and hydroxylapatite chromatography and preparative gel electrophoresis. The purified protein, active as a monomer of Mr = 61,800, existed in two forms that were comprised of identical polypeptides and differed in metal content. Fo ...
In the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodospirillum rubrum, the presence of carbon monoxide (CO) induces expression of several proteins. These include carbon monoxide dehydrogenase (CODH) and a CO-tolerant hydrogenase. Together these enzymes catalyze the following conversion: CO + H2O --> CO2 + H2. This system enables R. rubrum to grow in the dark on CO as the sole energy source. Expression of this system has been shown previously to be regulated at the transcriptional level by CO. We have now ide ...
In 76 smokers, correlations between plasma nicotine and alveolar carbon monoxide levels of the individual smoker and the nicotine and CO yields of his cigarette were very poor. In 24 smokers of low-nicotine, low-tar cigarettes, mean alveolar CO levels did not differ from those of smokers of regular cigarettes. Mean plasma nicotine levels were lower in smokers of low-nicotine cigarettes, but a wide overlap of individual values occurred. The implication that an individual shifting to ultra-low-tar ...
Ultrathin, uniform single-walled carbon nanotube networks of varying densities have been fabricated at room temperature by a vacuum filtration method. Measurements of the sheet conductance as a function of nanotube network density show 2D percolation behavior. In addition, the network transparency in the visible spectral range was examined and the results are in agreement with a standard thin-film model: fits to the standard theory indicate σac ) σdc for transmission measurements at 550 nm. Tr ...
Plasmid pSinA of Sinorhizobium sp. M14 (Alphaproteobacteria) is the first described, natural, self-transferable plasmid harboring a complete set of genes for oxidation of arsenite. Removal of this plasmid from cells of the host strain caused the loss of resistance to arsenic and heavy metals (Cd, Co, Zn and Hg) and abolished the ability to grow on minimal salt medium supplemented with sodium arsenite as the sole energy source. Plasmid pSinA was introduced into other representatives of Alphaprote ...
1. The pulmonary transfer factor for carbon monoxide was measured by the single-breath method in 21 pregnant women with no previous history of cardiac or respiratory disease. Measurements were made at monthly intervals throughout pregnancy and once post partum. 2. The transfer factor was higher in the first trimester of pregnancy than in the non-pregnant state. There was a fall in the transfer factor during pregnancy until 26 weeks gestation, after which no further decrease was observed. 3. The ...
Annually, thousands suffer poisonous snakebite, often from defibrinogenating species. It has been demonstrated that iron and carbon monoxide change the ultrastructure of plasma thrombi and improve coagulation kinetics. Thus, this investigation sought to determine whether pre-treatment of plasma with iron and carbon monoxide could attenuate venom-mediated catalysis of fibrinogen obtained from Agkistrodon species with fibrinogenase activity. Human plasma was pre-treated with ferric chloride (0-10 ...
Carbon monoxide (CO) in tissues and cells can originate from inhalation of CO or endogenously. Endogenous production, carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) formation, and exhaled CO levels are influenced by physiological factors, including disease. It is suggested that endogenous CO production can be used as a biomarker for oxidative and inflammatory processes. Also, endogenous CO can contribute to increased body burden of CO, which may both disrupt normal CO signaling cascades and increase the risk of CO to ...
The influence of different functionalization treatments of the support on the electrocatalytic activity towards CO and methanol oxidation at platinum nanoparticles deposited on ordered mesoporous carbons (OMC) has been studied for the first time. Before deposition of the metal, the carbon support was functionalized applying several procedures, with the purpose to generate oxygenated groups for anchoring the Pt nanoparticles by the formic acid (FM) and borohydride (BM) reduction methods. Good dis ...
The effects of cholesterol and adrenodoxin binding on resonance Raman spectra of cytochrome P-450scc in both oxidized and CO-reduced states were examined. Upon cholesterol binding, oxidized cytochrome P-450scc showed a significant shift of spin equilibrium from low-spin to high-spin state. Addition of adrenodoxin caused a complete conversion of cholesterol-bound oxidized cytochrome P-450scc to a pure high-spin state that was considered to be in the hexacoordinated state judged by the v10 mode at ...
BACKGROUND The increasing use of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) will inevitably lead to the exposure of wastewater treatment facilities. However, knowledge of the impacts of MWCNTs on wastewater nutrient removal and bacterial community structure in the activated sludge process is sparse. AIMS To investigate the effects of MWCNTs on wastewater nutrient removal, and bacterial community structure in activated sludge. METHODS Three triplicate sequencing batch reactors (SBR) were exposed t ...
Known nitrogen-fixing species of blue-green algae are capable of reducing acetylene to ethylene, but acetylene is not reduced by Anacystis nidulans, which does not fix nitrogen. Cycad root nodules which contain blue-green algae as endophytes reduce acetylene. Acetylene reduction is inhibited by carbon monoxide. Nitrate or ammonium-nitrogen has no immediate effect on algae reducing acetylene, but algae grown on nitrate-nitrogen gradually lose their capacity to reduce acetylene. Nitrate-nitrogen a ...
A relevant set of lung function parameters, derived from spirometry, flow-volume curves, diffusion capacity and bodyplethysmography, to discriminate asthma from COPD was established via logistic regression analysis. All new patients, referred to the outpatient clinic and later defined as asthma or COPD, underwent extensive lung function testing with reversibility testing. Logistic regression was used to calculate the probability to be a COPD or asthma patient. Selection of relevant parameters wa ...
BACKGROUND Tobacco smoking is still a worldwide health risk. Current pharmacotherapies have at best, a success rate of no more than 50%. Auricular (ear) acupressure has been purported to be beneficial in achieving smoking cessation in some studies, while in others has been deemed insignificant. We hereby describe the protocol for a three-arm randomised controlled trial to examine the possible benefits of self-administered acupressure for smoking cessation. METHODS Sixty consenting participants ...
We investigate the effects of environmental water and oxygen on the electrical stability of p-type tin monoxide (SnO) thin-film transistors (TFTs). Under negative gate bias stresses, there was a larger threshold voltage shift (ΔV<sub>th</sub>) in the devices that had been exposed to water than that for the devices that remained unexposed. However, under positive gate bias stresses, devices that had been exposed to water exhibited approximately the same ΔV<sub>th&l ...
Semantic Scholar extracted view of "Heme oxygenase-1 gene transfer prevents CD95/FasL-mediated apoptosis and improves liver allograft survival via carbon monoxide signaling pathway." by B. R. Ke et al. ...
Although xenon is classically taught to be a "perfusion-limited" gas, (129)Xe in its hyperpolarized (HP) form, when detected by magnetic resonance (MR), can probe diffusion limitation. Inhaled HP (129)Xe diffuses across the pulmonary blood-gas barrier, and, depending on its tissue environment, shifts its resonant frequency relative to the gas-phase reference (0 ppm) by 198 ppm in tissue/plasma barrier and 217 ppm in red blood cells (RBCs). In this work, we hypothesized that in patients with idio ...
Pollution loads and morphological changes in the Hibiny mountains ecosystems, one of the most industrially developed regions of the Russian North, were studied using landscape geochemical methods. Principal pollutants come from the local apatite-nepheline ore mining and processing industry which is responsible for mechanical disturbances as well. Some pollutants (Cu, Ni, Co, sulphur etc.) reach the territory because of long-range air transport from the Monchegorsk smelters. Different environment ...
A cofacial iron tetraphenyl porphyrin dimer, , bio-inspired by the Ni-Fe containing metalloenzyme, carbon monoxide dehydrogenase (CODH), efficiently and selectively catalyses the electrochemical reduction of CO2 to CO in DMF/10% H2O solution at the electro-generated Fe(0)(por) species with high Faradic efficiency (95%) and TOF (4300 s(-1)) at a moderate overpotential, η = 0.66 V. ...
NADPH-supported lipid peroxidation monitored by malondialdehyde (MDA) production in the presence of ferric pyrophosphate in liver microsomes was inactivated by heat treatment or by trypsin and the activity was not restored by the addition of purified NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (FPT). The activity was differentially solubilized by sodium cholate from microsomes, and the fraction solubilized between 0.4 and 1.2% sodium cholate was applied to a Sephadex G-150 column and subfractionated into th ...
To the editor: I read the interesting study by Weaver et al1 and the accompanying editorial by Wilcox and Richards2 on noninvasive carbon monoxide (CO) detection in the February 2013 issue of RESPIRATORY CARE. I agree wholeheartedly with those authors that CO poisoning is an important public health concern, confounded by nonspecific symptoms that challenge diagnosticians. My experience with noninvasive measurement of carboxyhemoglobin by pulse oximetry (SpCO) with the RAD-57 (Masimo, Irvine, Cal ...
Pure rotational spectra of the ground vibrational states of six isotopologues of OC···AgI have been measured by chirped-pulse Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy. The spectra are assigned to determine the rotational constant, B(0), centrifugal distortion constant, D(J), and nuclear quadrupole coupling constant of the iodine atom, χ(aa)(I). The complex is linear. Isotopic substitutions at the silver, carbon, and oxygen atoms allow bond lengths to be established by the r(0), r(s), and r(m ...
In this paper, a series of Cu-Fe-Ti and Co-Fe-Ti oxide catalysts were prepared by sol gel method. Cu-Fe-Ti and Co-Fe-Ti oxide catalysts showed the moderate catalytic activity for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO with NH3 at low temperature. The catalysts with the molar ratio as 4:1:10 (M:Fe:Ti) were selected as the representatives for comparison of reaction properties and H2O resistance, which were denoted as Cu-Fe/TiO2 and Co-Fe/TiO2 respectively. The characterization results manifeste ...
Bulb-shaped field emission lamps (FELs) with a helical cathode filament were simulated and fabricated in this research. The light bulbs comprised a helical stainless steel filament cathode grown with carbon nano-coils (CNCs) and an Al anode deposited on the bottom hemisphere of a 60-mm-diameter glass bulb. White light was generated when the field-emitted electrons bombarded a layer of three-color phosphor coated on the anode. A numerical simulation model for the helical-cathode FELs was construc ...
In the course of our studies on the local blood flow modulation in the NMRI-mouse placenta we have focussed on regulatory pathways involving recently appreciated gaseous messenger molecules nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO), which are generated by NO synthase (NOS) and heme oxygenase (HO)-2, respectively. The distribution of NOS was investigated by immunohistochemistry using an antiserum to the neuronal isoform (NOS-I) and by NADPH diaphorase (NADPHd) histochemistry, supplemented with p ...
Heme oxygenase the rate-limiting step in the degradation of heme to bilirubin, generates carbon monoxide. This gaseous molecule plays important roles in neuronal signaling and modulation of vascular tone. Additionally, carbon monoxide is involved in some pathological conditions (e.g., ischemia, endotoxic shock, excitotoxicity) as a protective or toxic factor. Bilirubin, another heme metabolite, exhibits intriguing biological activities as an antioxidant, an antimutagen, and an anti-complement ag ...
such as energy consumption, industrial processes, land use, a re responsible for emissions of G reenHouse Gases (GHGs) that concentrate in the atmosphere. C o mp l e x e xc h a ng e s wi th th e b i o s p h e re co n tr i b u te t o a n a b s o r p t i o n o f G H G s a n d th u s t o a n a t ur al r e d u c t i o n of c o nc e n t rat i o ns. T h e r a pi d i n c rease in GHGs emissions into the atmosphere-especially CO 2 emissions from fossil fuels-has outpaced the natural absorption capacity ...
  • Sakari Närvänen,
  • Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation. Supplementum
  • 1983
The aim of the present study was to investigate the metabolic base of psychoneurological symptoms, most notably tiredness and loss of concentration ability, appearing after carbohydrate-rich meals and during oral glucose tolerance tests. Such metabolic changes may be the cause of many accidents attributed to the "human factor". Oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) were performed in healthy volunteers, divided into symptomatic (n = 21) and symptom-free (n = 15) groups. Since the symptoms arising d ...
UNLABELLED This study was performed to determine whether the absorption of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) influences the formation of carbon monoxide (CO) from degradation of isoflurane in dry soda lime. Isoflurane (0. 5%), CO(2) (5%), a combination of the two in oxygen, and pure oxygen were separately passed through samples of 600 g of completely dried soda lime (duration of exposure, 60 min; flow rate, 5 L/min). Downstream of the soda lime, we measured concentrations of CO, isoflurane, and CO(2) as we ...
The adsorption and co-adsorption of CO and H2 at different coverages on p(4 × 4) Ru(0001) have been computed using periodic density functional theory (GGA-RPBE) and atomistic thermodynamics. Only molecular CO adsorption is possible and the saturation coverage is 0.75 ML (nCO = 12) with CO molecules co-adsorbed at different sites and has a hexagonal adsorption pattern as found by low energy electron diffraction. Only dissociative H2 adsorption is possible and the saturation coverage is 1 ML (nH ...
Glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified with metal oxides (MO = Fe3O4, ZnO) nanoparticles doped phthalocyanine (Pc) and functionalized MWCNTs, and the electrocatalytic properties were studied. Successful synthesis of the metal oxide nanoparticles and the MO/Pc/MWCNT composite were confirmed using FTIR, Raman and SEM techniques. The electrodes were characterized using cyclic voltammetry (CV) technique. The electrocatalytic behaviour of the electrode towards epinephrine (EP) and norepinephr ...
Surface functional groups present on the SWCNT carbon support was modified and its effects on methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) was studied. The surface functionality is tailored using controlled acid and base treatment. Acid treatment leads to the attachment of carboxylic carbon (CC) fragments to SWCNT making it hydrophilic (P3-SWCNT). Base treatment of P3-SWCNT with 0.05 M NaOH reduces the CCs and makes it hydrophobic (P33-SWCNT). Platinum nanoparticle catalyst supported on the P3-SWCNT posses ...
The electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM) technique was utilized to monitor in situ the adsorption of glucose oxidase (GOD) and the mixture of GOD and sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) onto Au electrodes with and without modification of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) or SDBS/MWCNTs composite, and the relationship between enzymatic specific activity (ESA) and direct electrochemistry of the immobilized GOD was quantitatively evaluated for the first time. Compared with the ...
It has long been assumed that the ventilation heterogeneity associated with lung disease could, in itself, affect the measurement of carbon monoxide transfer factor. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential estimation errors of carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (Dl(CO)) measurement that are specifically due to conductive ventilation heterogeneity, i.e., due to a combination of ventilation heterogeneity and flow asynchrony between lung units larger than acini. We induced conductive ...
The suitability of isotachophoresis for the analysis of metals in, e.g., environmental samples was studied. In a cationic operational system the heavy metals Fe, Cu, Ni, Cd, Co, Zn, Pb and Mn were simultaneously determined. The separation was achieved through complex formation with one of the counter ions, hydroxyisobutyric acid. The other counter ion was acetic acid, the leading ion was 0.02 M potassium or sodium (pH 4.1) and the terminator was H+. The analysis time was 15 min at 60 microA in a ...
The diffusing capacity and cardiac output were measured in 18 normal subjects and in 5 patients with pulmonary silicosis. These values were found to be in a close correlation with each other, suggesting that the overall reaction rate of CO with the red cell including diffusion and chemical reaction is almost identical among normal subjects. Thus, assuming that the overall reaction rate is constant, a simple method of estimating the contact time was tested. The overall rate was determined by refe ...
Imaging of the brain, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in particular, is a key adjunctive tool in the diagnosis and management of toxic-metabolic disorders such as alcoholism, mitochondrial encephalopathies, disorders of iron or copper metabolism, exposure to carbon monoxide, radiotherapy, immunosuppressive agents, toluene, and recreational drugs. In this article, we review the neuroimaging findings of common toxic and metabolic disorders focusing on the role of conventional MRI. We also conside ...
Among 2,069 patients subjected to pulmonary function tests, 20% were smokers with a mean oxyhemoglobin (HbCO) level of 5.2%. Similar values for HbCO (2.4%) were found in non-smokers and ex-smokers. A positive correlation was observed between daily tobacco consumption and HbCO level, i.e. HbCO = 0.123 (g/day) + 3.433. For a similar consumption (16 g/day), smokers who inhaled the smoke had a significantly higher level of HbCO than smokers who did not (5.8 vs. 4.7%). The interval separating the tim ...
Fullerene nanowhiskers (FNWs) composed of C(60) fullerene molecules were prepared using the liquid-liquid interfacial precipitation (LLIP) method in the carbon-disulfide (CS(2)) and isopropyl alcohol (IPA) system. The electron microscopic images reveal the formation of non-tubular FNWs. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern studies indicate the presence of fcc crystalline structure and unusual triclinic structure in the FNWs. The selected area electron diffraction pattern (SAED) analysis demonstra ...
Traditionally, heme oxygenase (HO) activity in tissue preparations is determined spectrophoto-metrically by measuring the rate of bilirubin production, a two-enzyme reaction sequence. The adequacy of this method depends upon the presence of excess biliverdin reductase and the transparency of samples. In order to study the effects of inhibitors (e.g. Sn-heme, 25 uM), and inducers (e.g. CoCl2, 250 umoles/kg) of HO, the first enzyme in the sequence, independent of possible, effects on other parts o ...
The quantitative conversion of organically bound oxygen into CO, a prerequisite for the (18)O/(16)O analysis of organic compounds, is generally performed by high-temperature conversion in the presence of carbon at ∼1450°C. Since this high-temperature procedure demands complicated and expensive equipment, a lower temperature method that could be utilized on standard elemental analyzers was evaluated. By substituting glassy carbon with carbon black, the conversion temperature could be reduced t ...
A study into the effects of atmospheric pollution on the health of people living in the city of Parma (population 170,000) shows motor vehicle traffic of average density and light industrial activities that have little impact on air pollution. General mortality and hospitalisation for all causes and for DRG specific were considered as sanitary events. The day values of the total PT, PM10, SO2 and NO2, CO and benzene were analysed. In addition, atmospheric conditions and outbreaks of flu were con ...
A new flow injection (FIA) procedure for the preconcentration of cadmium in urine using multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) as sorbent and posterior electrothermal atomization atomic absorption spectrometry (ETA-AAS) Cd determination has been developed. Cadmium was retained in a column filled with previously oxidized MWCNTs and it was quantitatively eluted with a nitric acid solution. The parameters influencing the adsorption-elution process such as pH of the sample solution, amount of sorbent ...
The project SAMPLE evaluated methods for measuring particle properties in the exhaust of aircraft engines with respect to the development of standardized operation procedures for particulate matter measurement in aviation industry. Filter-based off-line mass methods included gravimetry and chemical analysis of carbonaceous species by combustion methods. Online mass methods were based on light absorption measurement or used size distribution measurements obtained from an electrical mobility analy ...